Rabu, 19 September 2012

16 tenses dan contohnya










1)SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE
Simple present tense merupakan salah satu bentuk tense dari kelompok Present(saat ini) untuk mengungkapkan aktifitas yang biasa dilakukan sehari-hari atau menyatakan keadaan atau pekerjaan yang merupakan rutinitas,kebiasaan sehari-hari dan kebenaran yang bersifat umum.
                                                                                                       
Pattern:                                                                                      



VERBAL

+)S+V1(s/es)+O+Adv

-)S+do/does+not+V1+Adv

?)Do/does+S+V1+O+Adv

NOMINAL
+)S+is/am/are+Adj/N/Adv
-)S+is/am/are+not+Adj/N/Adv
?) is/am/are+S+Adj/N/Adv

 






Time signal:
Always,generraly,normally,usually,often,Every day,every night,every evening,every week etc.

Note:
ü  Kalimat verbal:kalimat yang predikatnya kata kerja.
Kalimat nominal:kalimat yang predikatnya bukan kata kerja
ü  Akhiran  -es ditambahkan untuk kata-kata yang berakhiran “o,sh,ch,s,z dan x”. Apabila kata kerja berakhiran “y” tapi sebelum huruf “y” adalah huruf mati,maka”y” diganti dengan”I” dan ditambah “es”.Akan tetapi apabila berakhiran “y” dan sebelumnya huruf hidup maka cukup ditambah “s”.
ü  Penambahan ini hanya untuk kalimat Simple Present dengan subject :She,He dan It.Akan tetapi penambahan ini juga bisa ditambahkan untuk noun/kata benda agar menjadi jamak.


ket:
KV=Kalimat Verbal
KN=Kalimat Nominal
                 
 

Example:                                                                                       
Affirmative Sentence(+)                                                                    

1. +)He plays anklung  every day(KV)
2 .+)Rio is greedy(KN)
3. +)Dhani goes to Riddo’ s house every morning(KV)
4. +)They are  stingy(KN)
5. +)I eat banana every morning(KV)


Negative Sentence(-)

1.        -)He does not play anklung every day(KV)
2.        -)Rio is not greedy(KN)
3.        -) Dhani does not go to Riddo’s hause every morning(KV)
4.        -)They are not stingy(KN)
5.        -)I do not eat banana every morning(KV)



Interrogative Sentence(?)

1.)    ?)Does he play anklung every day?(KV)
2.)     ?)is Rio greedy?(KN)
3.)     ?)Does Dhani go to Riddo’s house every morning?(KV)
4.)     ?)are they stingy?(KN)
5.)     ?)Do you eat banana every morning?(KV)



2)PRESENT CONTINUOUS TENSE

·         Untuk menyatakan suatu tindakan sedang berlangsung pada saat sedang berbicara(sekarang).
·         Untuk menyatakan tindakan yang segera akan terjadi
·         Untuk menyatakan situasi yg berubah-ubah


Pattern:


+)S+to be)is,am ,are)+Ving+O+Adv
-)S+to be(is,am,are)+not+Ving+O+Adv
?)to be (is,am,are)+S+Ving+O+Adv?
 




                                                                                                                                  

Time signal:Now,right now,at present,at this moment, etc.
Exemple:
1)      +) I am eating chocolate now.
2)      +)She is cooking at home now
3)      +) They are discussing right now
4)      +)Rio is drinking cocacola now
5)      +)they are staying in Tasikmalaya

1.)    -)I am not eating chocolate now.
2.)    -)She is not cooking at home now
3.)    -)They are not discussing right now
4.)     -)Rio is not dringking cocacola now
5.)    -)they are staying in Tasikmalaya

1.)    ?)Are you eating chocolate now?
2.)    ?is she cooking at home now?
3.)    ?)are they  discussing right now?
4.)    ?is Rio dringking cocacola now?
5.)    ?)are they staying in Tasikmalaya?



3.PRESEN PERFECT TENSE
Present perfect tense digunakan untuk menyatakan tindakan atau penyelesaian suatu tindakan,waktu terjadinya tidaklah penting,yang penting adalah hasil atau akibatnya.
Penggunaan:
A.menyatakan perbuatan yang telah atau belum dilakukan
B.Menyatakan perbuatan yang sedang  berlangsung sampai sekarang pada kata-kata kerja tertentu.
·         Menggunakan time duration / time signal yang menunjukkan bahwa perbuatan masih berlangsung hingga saat ini.
·         Untuk long term activity .
·         Verb-verb yang biasa digunakan untuk long term activity
Learn,Live,work,teach,study

C.sebagai pengganti present perfect continuous untuk noun progressive verb
                                                                Verbal                                                         Nominal

+)S+Have/has+been+Complement
-)S+Have/has+not+been+Complement
?)Have/has+S+been+Complement


+)S+Have/has+V3+O+Adv
-)S+Have/has+not+V2+O+Adv
?)Have/has+S+V3+O+Adv


PATTERN:
                                                                                                                                              




Time signal:Just,already,once,twice,for a week,for a month,for a year,since,yet………..etc

Exemple:

1.)    +) I have been sleepy
2.)    +) They have been at home since four o’clock
3.)     +)My mother has lived in Balikpapan since 1995
4.)    +)Romy has gone to bookshop
5.)     +)They have worked for six hours

1.)    -)I have not been sleepy
2.)    -)They have not  been at home since four o’clock
3.)    -) My mother has not lived in Balikpapan since 1995
4.)    -)Romy has not gone to bookshop
5.)    -)They have not worked for six hours

1.       ?)Have you been sleepy?
2.       ?)Have they been at home since four o’clock?
3.       ?)Has my mother lived in Balikpapan since 1995?
4.       ?)Has Romy gone to bookshop?
5.       ?)Have they worked for six hour?




4.PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSE
Untuk menyatakan suatu tindakan yang berawal dari suatu waktu di waktu lampau,masih berlagsung sampai sekarang pada saat sedang berbicara, atau suatu tindakan yang baru saja selesai.

PATTERN:

+)S+Have/has+been+Ving+O+Adv
-)S+Have/has+not+been+Ving+O+Adv
?)Have/has+S+been+Ving+O+Adv
 



                                                                                                                          

Time Signal:
Since(sejak)                       :Since last week,since last year
For/during(selama)          :for two days,for four year

NOTE:
·         have digunakan untuk I, you, they, we, sedangkan has untuk he, she, it, dan orang ketiga tunggal.
·         Perubahan V1-ing mengacu pada aturanprogressive dan non-progressive verb.
·         kata kerja yang digunakan merupakantransitive dan intransitive verb.
EXEMPLE:
1.)    +)He has been waiting for two hours.
2.)    +)The toddlers have been sleeping for three hours.
3.)    +)Indah  has been working at that company for three years.
4.)    +)Jhonny has been preparing his homework since yesterday.
5.)    +)My sister has been collecting  sticker since five years ago.

1.)    -)He has not been waiting for two hours.
2.)    -)The toddlers have not been sleeping for three hours.
3.)    -)Indah  has not been working at that company for three years.
4.)    -)Jhonny has not been preparing his homework since yesterday.
5.)    -)My sister has been collecting  sticker since five years ago.

1.)    Has he been waiting for two hours?
2.)    Have the toddlers been sleeping for three hours?
3.)    Has Indah been working at that company for three years.
4.)    Has Jhonny been preparing his homework since yesterday?
5.)    Has my sister been collecting sticker since five years ago?


5.SIMPLE PAST TENSE

Past tense digunakan untuk menyatakan situasi atau tindakan yang terjadi di waktu terentu di waktu lampau, kebiasaan di waktu lampau,dan kalimat pengandaian bentuk kedua.

PATTERN:
                                                  VERBAL                                                          NOMINAL

+)S+V2+O+Adv
-)S+did+V1+O+Adv
?)Did+S+been+V1+Adv?

+)S+was/were+Adj/Noun/Adv
-)S+was/were+not+Adj/Noun/Adv
?)was/were+S+Adj/Noun/+Adv?
 





Time Signal:yesterday,last week,two days ago,last night,a week ago ...etc

EXEMPLE:
1.)    +)Dio was late yesterday.
2.)    +)He saw a movie yesterday morning.
3.)    +)Greyson bought  a comic yesterday
4.)    +)My friend visited me last week.
5.)    +)They were at Victor’s house last night.

1.)    Dio was not late yesterday.
2.)    He not saw a movie yesterday morning.
3.)    Greyson not bought  a comic yesterday.
4.)    My friend not visited me last week
5.)    They were not at Victor’s house last night.

1.)    ?)Was Dio late yesterday?
2.)    ?)Did he see a movie yesterday morning?
3.)    ?)Did Greyson buy a comic yesterday?
4.)    ?)Did my friend visit me last week?
5.)    ?)Were they at Victor’s house last night?

6.PAST CONTINUOUS TENSE
Past continuous tense digunakan untuk menyatakan bahwa suatu tindakan sedang terjadi di waktu lampau;yang dipentingkan adalah sedang terjadinya tindakan lampau tersebut bukan penyelesasiannya.

PATTERN:

+)S+Was/Were+Ving+O+Adv
-)S+Was/Were+not+Ving+O+Adv
?)Was/Were+S+Ving+Adv?
 


                                                                                                                                

Time Signal:as,when ,while

EXEMPLE:
1.)    +)My Sister was cooking when it began to rain.
2.)    +)Tio was playing football while Andri was Watching TV.
3.)    +)we were having a meeting at eight this morning.
4.)    +)Endru was being abroad when his uncle passed away.
5.)    +)Oscar was sleeping when I visited him.

1.)    -) My Sister was not cooking when it began to rain.
2.)    -)Tio was not playing football while Andri was Watching TV.
3.)    -)we were not having a meeting at eight this morning.
4.)    -)Endru was not  being abroad when his uncle passed away.
5.)    -)Oscar was not sleeping when I visited him.

1.)    ?) Was my sister cooking when it began to rain?
2.)    ?)Was Tio playing football while Andri was watching TV?
3.)    ?)Were we having a meeting  at eight this morning?
4.)    ?)Was Endru being abroad when his uncle passed away?
5.)    Was Oscar sleeping when I visited him?


7.PAST PERFECT TENSE

Ø  Untuk menyatakan dua perbuatan /kejadian di waktu lampau,dimana kejadian pertama dalam bentuk past perfect tense ,sedangkan kejadian yang berikutnya dalam bentuk past tense.
Ø  Digunakan dalam indirect speech

PATTERN:

+)Subject + had + verb III + (past participle) + object/C

-)Subject + had + not + verb III + object/C

?)Had + subject + verb III + object /C?


+)Subject + had + been + Adj/N/Adv
-)Subject + had + not + been + Adj/N/Adv

?)Had + subject been + Adj/N/Adv ?

 






Time Signal:Before,just,already,after,until,as soon as…
NOTE:Kalimat past perfect tense tidak lazim  digunakan dalam kalimat tunggal yang berdiri sendiri,tetapi digunakan dalam kalimat majemuk bertingkat(complex sentence)berupa ‘adverbial clause of time’.Kalimat past perfect tense berfungsi untuk menyatakan dua tindakan yang terjadi secara berturut-turut  pada waktu tertentu di waktu lampau.
EXEMPLE:

1.)    +)You had been a teacher when he was in Junior high school.
2.)    +)I had eaten before Indah came
3.)    +)I had known him before you introduced me to him.
4.)    +)I had never seen such a beautiful beach before I went to Bali
5.)    +)Razan had studied English before he moved to LA

1.)    -)You had  not been a teacher when he was in Junior high school.
2.)    -)I had  not eaten before Indah came
3.)    -)I had  not known him before you introduced me to him.
4.)    -)I had  not never seen such a beautiful beach before I went to Bali
5.)    -)Razan had not  studied English before he moved to LA

1.)    ?) Had you been a teacher when he was in Junior high school?
2.)    ?)Had I been eaten before Indah came?
3.)    ?)Had I  known him before you introduced me to him?
4.)    ?)Had I never seen such a beautiful beach before I went to Bali?
6.)    ?)Had Razan studied English before he moved to LA?



8.PAST PERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSE

Past perfect continuous tense adalah suatu bentukkata kerja yang digunakan untuk mengungkapkan suatu aksi dengan durasi waktu tertentu dimasa lalu sebelum aksi lainnya terjadi. Selain itu, tense ini juga digunakan untuk mengekspresikan berapa lama suatu aksi terjadi sampai titik waktu tertentu dimasa lampau.

PATTERN:


+)S + had + been + V1-ing/present participle
-)S + had + not + been + V1-ing/present participle
?)had + S + been + V1-ing/present participle









Catatan:
Perubahan Verb-ing mengacu pada aturan progressive dan non-progressive verb
kata kerja yang digunakan merupakan transitive dan intransitive.
 Time signal: for…before, before,until(till),when

EXAMPLE:
1.)    +) I had been doing my homework when Rio came back home
2.)    +)You had been going when Dhani came
3.)    +)They had been talking when the teacher taught  them.
4.)    +)we had been finishing the work  for three days before he moved to Australia
5.)    +)I had been sleeping for an hour when it started raining



1.)    -) I had not been doing my homework when Rio came back home
2.)    -)You had not been going when Dhani came
3.)    -)They had not been talking when the teacher taught them.
4.)    -)we had not been finishing the work  for three days before he moved to Australia
5.)    -)I had not been sleeping for an hour when it started raining



1.)    ?)had you been doing my homework when Rio came back home?
2.)    ?)had you been going when Dhani came
3.)    ?)had they been talking when the teacher teaught them?
4.)    ?)had we been finishing the work for three days before he moved to Australia?
5.)    ?)had you been sleeping an hour when it started raining?


9.FUTURE TENSE


Future Tense atau Simple Future digunakan untuk menyatakan peristiwa yang Akan Terjadi. Future tense adalah tentang Nanti. Sesuatu arti katanyaFuture yaitu “Masa Depan”. Karena itu dalam Future Tense penggunaan kata Will, Shall yang artinya akan pastilah mendominasi.


Simple Future Tense dibagi menjadi dua bentuk yaitu “Will/shall” dan “going to” tetapi memiliki perbedaan penggunaan.
“going to” digunakan dalam mengucapkan suatu rencana tindakan yg telah dibuat jauh2 sebelum berbicara.Juga digunakan untuk mengungkapkan suatu prediksi berdasarkan tanda-tanda saat ini (pasti terjadi kemungkinan besar)
“going to” juga dikenal dalam kata “gonna” yang sering digunakan dalam situasi tidak resmi. PENTING : Hindari menggunakan kata “gonna” dalam ujian bahasa inggris atau suasana resmi.
“will” digunakan dalam mengucapkan suatu rencana tindakan yang baru saja kamu pikirkan/belum direncanakan/spontanitas saat berbicara.juga digunakan untuk mengungkapkan ramalan yg akan terjadi berdasarkan perhitungan atau perasaan (belum tentu kepastiannya).
Will sering disingkat
will = ‘ill
Will not = won’t
Will/shall juga sering digunakan dengan “problably, most likely, I think, I’m sure, I wonder (if, what, when, etc), I expect”


Vrbal sentence:
Positif (+)
Subject + will/shall + verb I + object
Subject + am/is/are + going to + verb I + object+/C
Negatif (-)
Subject + will/shall +not+ verb I + object
Subject + am/is/are + not + going to + verb I + object+/C
Tanya (?)
Will/shall + subject + verb I + object
Am/is/are + subject + going to + verb I + object+/C


PATTERN:









Nominal sentence:

Shall/will+Be+Comp
Am/is/are+going to+Be+Comp



                                                                                                                                      




Time signal : tomorrow, tomorrow morning ,tomorrow afternoon ,tomorrow evening ,tomorrow night ,the day after tomorrow, next week, next month ,next year ,in two days ,in a week, etc.





EXAMPLE:

1.)    +)I shall be at school tomorrow morning
2.)    +)You will be there next week
3.)    +)They will go to the  zoo next week
4.)    +)She will buy a new bag next month
5.)    +)I am going to be at home tomorrow evening

6.)    -)I shall not be at school tomorrow morning
7.)    -)You will not be there next week
8.)    -)They will not go to the  zoo next week
9.)    -)She will not buy a new bag next month
10.) -)I am not going to be at home tomorrow evening

11.) ?)shall I be at school tomorrow morning?
12.) ?)will you be there next week?
13.) ?)will they go to the zoo next week?
14.) ?)will she buy a new bag next month?
15.) ?)am I going to be at home tomorrow  evening?


10.FUTURE CONTINUOUS TENSE

Future continuous tense adalah bentuk kata kerjayang digunakan untuk mengungkapkan aksi yang akan sedang terjadi di masa depan. Selain itu, bentuk kata kerja ini dapat pula digunakan untuk mengekspresikan jadwal atau rencana.
PATTERN:

positif (+)
S + will be + V1-ing/present participle
negatif (-)
S + will + not + be + V1-ing/present participle
interogatif (?)
Will + S + be + V1-ing/present participle






Time signal :at seven tomorrow morning ,at three tomorrow afternoon ,at nine tomorrow evening ,at ten next Sunday…etc

Catatan:
perubahan kata kerja mengacu pada aturan progressive dan non-progresive verb.
kata kerja yang digunakan yaitu transitive dan intransitive verb.

EXAMPLE:
+)We shall be staying here at seven tomorrow evening
+)He will be going to office at six thirty tomorrow morning.
+)I will be playing basketball at 10am tomorrow.
+)she will be having dinner when the film starts.
+)You will be waiting for him when his friend  arrives tonight

-)We shall not be staying here at seven tomorrow evening
-)He will not be going to office at six thirty tomorrow morning.
-)I will not be playing basketball at 10am tomorrow.
-)she will not be having dinner when the film starts.
-)You will not be waiting for him when his friend  arrives tonight

?) shall we be staying here at seven tomorrow evening?
?) will  he be going to office at six thirty tomorrow morning?
?)will he be playing basketball at 10am tomorrow?
?) will she  be having dinner when the film starts?
?) will you be waiting for him when his friend  arrives tonight?



11.FUTURE PERFECT TENSE

Future perfect tense digunakan untuk menyatakan kegiatan atau kejadian yang telah dimulai pada waktu lampau yang akan sudah/belum selesai dilakukan di masa yang akan datang.

Pola kalimat future perfect tense.

Pola I
(+) S + will + have + V3
(-) S + will + not + have + V3
(?) Will + S + have + V3

Pola II
(+) S + will + have + been + Adj/Adv/N
(-) S + will + not + have + been + Adj/Adv/N
(?) Will + S + have + been + Adj/Adv/N


Catatan

Saat menggunakan future perfect tense dalam percakapan, subject dan will sering disingkat. Bahkan terkadang subject, will dan have disingkat sekaligus.
I’ll have been here for six month on June 1st.
I’ll’ve been here for six month on June 1st.

Terkadang shall dipakai menggantikan will, terutama untuk subjek I dan we.
I shall have been here for six month on June 1st.


Time signal:by/before Saturday,by/before the end of this month,by/before next week,by/before the end of this year
EXAMPLE:
+)I shall have been in my house before 09:00 this morning.
+)You will have been in Surabaya before noon.
+)We shall have arrived in Batam before noon.
+)I shall have finished my homework before Thursday
+)I shall have cleaned my car before 18:00 this evening.


-)I shall not have been in my house before 09:00 this morning.
-)You will not have been in Surabaya before noon.
-)We shall not have arrived in Batam before noon.
-)I shall have not finished my homework before Thursday
-)I shall have not cleaned my car before 18:00 this evening.


?) shall  I have been in my house before 09:00 this morning?
?) will  you have been in Surabaya before noon?
?) shall  we have arrived in Batam before noon?
?)shall I have finished my homework before Thursday ?
?) shall I have cleaned my car before 18:00 this evening?

12.FUTURE PERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSE
Future perfect continuous tense adalah suatu bentuk kata kerja yang digunakan untuk mengungkapkan aksi yang berlangsung hingga titik waktu tertentu dimasa depan.

Rumus Future Perfect Continuous Tense
Positif: S + will + have + been + Ving
Negatif: S + will + not + have + been + Ving
Tanya: Will + S + have + been + Vin

 






Time signal:

EXAMPLE:
1.)    +)I shall have been going to the park before Saturday
2.)    +)You will have been cooking fried chicken before 05:00 this evening.
3.)    +)He will have  been delivering a letter before Saturday
4.)    +)I shall have been visiting Siska’s house for two hours
5.)    +)I shall have been playing badminton for three hours.

6.)    -)I shall not  have been going to the park before Saturday
7.)    -)You will not have been cooking fried chicken before 05:00 this evening.
8.)    -)He will not have  been delivering a letter before Saturday
9.)    -)I shall not have been visiting Siska’s house for two hours
10.) -)I shall have not been playing badminton for three hours.

11.) ?)shall I have been going to the park before Saturday?
12.) ?) will  you have been cooking fried chicken before 05:00 this evening?
13.) ?) will you have  been delivering a letter before Saturday?
14.) ?)shall I have been visiting Siska’s house for two hours?
15.) ?) shall  I have been playing badminton for three hours?


13.PAST FUTURE TENSE
Past Future Tense digunakan untuk menyatakan peristiwa yang AKAN dilakukan, TETAPI di masa lampau, bukan saat ini.
Pola kalimat simple past future tense.

Pola I
(+) S + would + V1
(-) S + would + not + V1
(?) Would + S + V1


Pola II
(+) S + would + be + Adj/Adv/N
(-) S + would + not + be + Adj/Adv/N
(?) Would + S + be + Adj/Adv/N

Catatan

Untuk bentuk negatif, sering dipakai bentuk singkatan wouldn’t.
He wouldn’t be late the following day.

Terkadang should dipakai menggantikan would, terutama untuk subjek I dan we.
I should not go to Bali the following day.

Example:
1.)    +)I should be there yesterday
2.)    +)He would cross the street this morning.
3.)    +)I would be in home this morning.
4.)    +)we should  take train to Jakarta
5.)    +)Rio would arrive in office at six.


6.)    -)I should  not be there yesterday
7.)    -)He would not cross the street this morning.
8.)    -)I would not be in home this morning.
9.)    -)we should not  take train to Jakarta
10.) -)Rio would not arrive in office yesterday.


11.) ?)should  I be there yesterday?
12.) ?) would  he cross the street this morning?
13.) ?) would I be in home this morning?
14.) ?)should   we take train to Jakarta?
15.) ?) would Rio arrive in office at six?



14.FUTURE PAST CONTINUOUS TENSE
Future past continuous tense digunakan untuk menyatakan suatu tindakan sedang akan berlangsung di waktu lampau,biasanya digunakan dalam kalimat tak langsung(indirect speech)
Rumus Past Future Continuous Tense
Positif: S + would /should+ be + Ving
Negatif: S + would/should + not + be + Ving
Tanya: Would /should+ S + be + Ving
EXAMPLE:
+) I should be having a meeting at this time the following day
-)I should not be a meeting at this time the following day.
?)should I be a meeting at this time the following day?

+) She would be cleaning her car after lunch
-) she would not be cleaning her car after lunc
?)would she be cleaning her car after lunc?

+) I should be watering the flowers when my friends visited me
-)I should not be watering the flowers when my friends visited me
?)Should I be watering the flowers when my friends visited me?

+) She would be playing a doll when you told her to feed the cat

-)she would not be playing a doll when you told her to feed the cat
?)would she be playing a doll when you told her to feed the cat?

+) We should be playing badminton before going to bed

-)we should not be playing  badminton before going to bed
?)should we be playing badminton before going to bed?

15.FUTURE PAST PERFECT TENSE
digunakan sebagai jawaban terhadap kalimat pengandaian bentuk ketiga.

Rumus Past Future Prefect Tense
Positif: S + would + have + V3+OBJ+COMP+/COMP+IF……(past perfect)
Negatif: S + would + not + have + V3+OBJ+/COMP+IF…….(past perfect)
Tanya: Would + S + have + V3+OBJ+/COMP+IF……(past perfect)

Non-action sentence :should/would+have+been

Time expression:
(future past perfect)…. ….if…..(past participle)
If………(past  perfect)…… ..(future past perfect)

Catatan:
Untuk membentuk kalimat Tanya hanya kata ‘would’ yang ditempatkan mendahului subyek kalimat, sedangkan kata ‘have’ tetap pada posisinya.
Dalam kalimat negative kata ‘not’ ditempatkan setelah kata kerja bantu modal’would’ bukan setelah kata ‘have’.
Example:
1.       +)I  would have come there if you had accompanied me.
2.       -)I would not have come there if you had not accompanied me.
3.       ?)Would you have come there if I had infited you?

4.       +)You would have passed the  examination if you had studied hard
5.       -)You would not have  passed the examination if you studied hard
6.       ?)would you have passed the examination if you studied hard?

7.       +)we would have eaten if we had booked earlier.
8.       -)we would not have eaten if we had booked earlier.
9.       ?)would we have eaten if we had booked earlier?

10.   +)they would have started the game if you had come
11.   -)they would not have started the game if you not come
12.   ?)would they have started the game if you come?

13.   +)He would have arrived here if he had gone by car
14.   -)He would not have arrived here if he had not gone by car
15.   ?)would he have arrived here if he had gone by car?


16.FUTURE  PAST PERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSE
Tense bahasa inggris terakhir ini digunakan untuk mengungkapkan kejadian yang akan sudah sedang terjadi pada masa lalu. Past future perfect continuous tense memiliki persamaan dengan future perfect continuous tense.

Rumus
Positif (+)
Subject + should/would + have + been + verb-ing + object
Negatif (-)
Subject + should/would + not + have + been + verb-ing + object
Tanya (?)
Should/would + subject + have + been + verb-ing + object ?

Time expressions: idem with simple past tense.

+)Rino said that he would have been finishing the lesson for three hours the previous night.
-)Rino said that he would not have been finishing the lesson for three hours the previous night.
?)we asked Rino  whether or not (if) he would have been finishing the lesson for three hours the previous night.



+)I said that I would have been learning Spanish at 04;oo the day before
-)I said that I would not have been larning Spanish at 04:00 the day before
?)My mother whether or not (if) I would have been lerning Spanish at 04:00the day before

+)I should have been washing my clothes
-)I  should not have been washing my clothes
?)should I have been washing my clothes?

+)I would have been coming home before noon.
-)I would not have been coming home before noon.
?)would I have been coming home before noon?

+)Raffy said that he would have been watching movie on TV at 05:00 the previous evening.
-)Raffy said that he would not have been watching movie on TV at 05:00 the previous evening.
?)His father asked Raffy whether or not(if) would have been watching movie on TV at 05:00 the previous evening.




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